who wrote document a


Who wrote document A Cortés?

Source: The Florentine Codex, an account of Aztec life originally written by Mexican natives between 1570-1585 under the supervision of Spanish friar Bernardino de Sahagún, whose primary goal was to convert the natives of Mexico to Christianity.

What did Moctezuma say to Cortés in document A?

Moctezuma addressed Cortés in these words: “Our lord, you are very welcome in your arrival in this land. You have come to satisfy your curiosity about your noble city of Mexico.

Who was the recipient of document A Moctezuma?

On 8 November 1519, Moctezuma met Cortés on the causeway leading into Tenochtitlán and the two leaders exchanged gifts. Moctezuma gave Cortés the gift of an Aztec calendar, one disc of crafted gold and another of silver.

What happened between Moctezuma and Cortés?

While Aztec emperor, Montezuma had a famous confrontation with Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés. … Cortés, however, took Montezuma prisoner, hoping to prevent an Aztec attack. Instead, the Aztecs turned on Montezuma, who later died, and Cortés’s forces were nearly destroyed.

Who oversaw the construction of Mexico City?

Hernán Cortés understood the strategic and symbolic importance of the Aztec capital, founded the Spanish capital of Mexico City on the site, and in particular rebuilt the Aztec ceremonial and political center as the main square, the Plaza Mayor, usually called the Zócalo.

What happened when Cortés met Montezuma in 1519?

On 8 November 1519, Moctezuma met Cortés on the causeway leading into Tenochtitlán and the two leaders exchanged gifts. Moctezuma gave Cortés the gift of an Aztec calendar, one disc of crafted gold and another of silver. Cortés later melted these down for their monetary value.

How did the Aztecs greet Cortés?

Thinking that Cortés could be Quetzalcoatl, Montezuma greeted the party with great honor. Montezuma sent out envoys to meet the conquistador as he neared. The Aztecs were fascinated by the Spaniards’ light skin and the sight of men on horseback, which they described as beasts with two heads and six legs.

When was the Florentine Codex written?

The Florentine Codex is composed of 12 books created in 16th-century Mexico City at the Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco, Mexico’s first college. The manuscript was sent to Europe shortly after completion in 1577 and acquired before 1587 by the Medici family, who kept the codex safe for centuries.

What did the Spanish have that the Aztecs didn t?

The Spanish brought chickenpox, smallpox, measles, mumps, and rubella to the new world. … The advantages that the Spanish had over the Aztec were 16 horses, guns, armor, formed alliances, and diseases, steel.

Who was Montezuma quizlet?

Who was Moctezuma ? Aztec emperor defeated and killed by the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes. You just studied 9 terms!

Who was Moctezuma II quizlet?

Montezuma II was the last of the Aztec emperors, who was defeated by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in 1520. Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima.

What is one reason why you might believe that Moctezuma welcome Cortés into the Aztec capital?

Thus Montezuma welcomed and entertained the Spaniards for a few months. He showed them his temples, the enormous markets where goods from all over his empire were sold, his zoo, and his palaces. Montezuma did not think Cortés was the reincarnation of an ancient Aztec deity, as some thought at the time.

Which leader was imprisoned by Cortes?

Cortés Decides to Imprison Moctezuma | AHA.

What did Cortes do in Mexico?

Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés (c. 1485-1547) is best known for conquering the Aztecs and claiming Mexico on behalf of Spain. Cortés (full name Don Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano, Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca) first served as a soldier in an expedition of Cuba led by Diego Velázquez in 1511.

Why is Montezuma Revenge called that?

Named for Montezuma or Moctezuma II (c. 1466 – 1520), the last Aztec ruler before the empire was conquered by the Spanish. The condition is seen as “retribution” for the slaughter and enslavement of the Aztec people by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés on 13 August 1521.

Who started Mexico?

In 1521, Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztecs and Mexico became a Spanish colony. For 300 years Spain ruled the land until the early 1800s. At that time the local Mexicans revolted against Spanish rule. Father Miguel Hidalgo declared Mexico’s independence with his famous cry of “Viva Mexico”.

What is the old name of Mexico?

Anahuac (meaning land surrounded by water) was the name in Nahuatl given to what is now Mexico during Pre-Hispanic times. When the Spanish conquistadors besieged México-Tenochtitlan in 1521, it was almost completely destroyed.

Who built Mexico line 12?

The trains were built by Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles in Spain. Line 12 is the only line so far to feature FE-10 trains.

Why did Moctezuma let Cortes stay?

The Aztec emperor, Moctezuma II, invited the Spanish into his city for two main reasons: he was curious about them and he didn’t see them as a threat. He allowed them to stay in the city for so long because the Spaniards actually kidnapped him and held him hostage.

Was Montezuma a good leader?

He Was a Great Warrior and General

Once he became Tlatoani, Montezuma carried out several military campaigns against rebellious vassals and holdout city-states within the Aztec sphere of influence.

Why did the Spanish destroy Tenochtitlan?

Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.

Why did the Aztecs lose to the Spanish?

The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.

Why did the Aztecs fall?

Disease. When the Spanish arrived, they brought with them smallpox. … Smallpox spread among the indigenous people and crippled their ability to resist the Spanish. The disease devastated the Aztec people, greatly reducing their population and killing an estimated half of Tenochtitlán’s inhabitants.

What was the largest tribe of Aztecs called?

The Nahuas (/ˈnɑːwɑːz/) are a group of the indigenous people of Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. They comprise the largest indigenous group in Mexico and second largest in El Salvador.

How many books are in the Florentine Codex?

twelve books
The Florentine Codex is divided by subject area into twelve books and includes over 2,000 illustrations drawn by Nahua artists in the sixteenth century.

Who was the intended audience for the Florentine Codex?

The Florentine Codex was written for Franciscan missionaries in New Spain so that they could better understand and communicate with the Aztecs that they were attempting to convert.

Are Aztecs still around?

Today the descendants of the Aztecs are referred to as the Nahua. More than one-and-a-half million Nahua live in small communities dotted across large areas of rural Mexico, earning a living as farmers and sometimes selling craft work. … The Nahua are just one of nearly 60 indigenous peoples still living in Mexico.

What was Mexico called before the Spanish arrived?

This land was called the Viceroyalty of New Spain or Nueva Espana. The natives of the country have long called it Mexico, however. The country of Mexico was named after its capital city, Mexico City.

How much gold did the Spanish take from the Aztecs?

At that point, it is estimated that the Spanish had amassed some eight thousand pounds of gold and silver, not to mention plenty of feathers, cotton, jewels and more.

Which is true Moctezuma II?

Which is true regarding Moctezuma II? He was held hostage for his gold, then killed. He invited Bartolomé de las Casas to view his lands. He was invited by Pizarro as a friend and brother.

What is one reason document a reliable source to understand what happened when Montezuma met Cortes?

Explanation: Document A is said to be reliable source which helped to understand what had actually happened when Moctezuma had met Cortes. This was considered to be a reliable source because this was the primary source which was written to the king Charles V.

Where did the Aztecs controlled the most powerful empire?

The Aztecs built a rich and powerful empire in central Mexico. Life in the empire was shaped by social structure, religion, and warfare. The first Aztecs were farmers, but when they arrived in Central America, all the good farmland was taken.

What process did Columbus and his followers begin?

Columbus and his followers began the process of colonization of the Americas by European settlers.

What was the Encomienda system quizlet?

The encomienda system was a labour system under which the Tainos had to work in the fields and mines belonging to the Spaniards. You just studied 7 terms!

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