where did struggles for independence in africa turn violent and why?


Where did the most violent independence movement in Africa take place?

The fight for independence, or the Algerian war, began with a massacre that occurred on May 8, 1945 in Setif, Algeria. After WWII ended, nationalists in Algeria, in alignment with the American anti-colonial sentiment, organized marches, but these marches became bloody massacres.

Why did Africans struggle for independence?

Africans were taxed more and forced labor became more widespread. European colonial powers were exhausted physically and economically after each world war. Thus, they were not willing or able to commit substantial resources to improving dire social and economic conditions in the African colonies.

What difficulties did African countries face with independence?

One of the most pressing challenges African states faced at Independence was their lack of infrastructure. European imperialists prided themselves on bringing civilization and developing Africa, but they left their former colonies with little in the way of infrastructure.

What are the struggles in Africa?

Terrorism, conflict resolution, border closures and immigration among issues expected to continue to dominate continent. Africa made great progress in a number of fields in 2019, including holding peaceful elections in many parts of the continent and increased economic growth.

What happened after South Africa gained independence?

After an initial phase from 1945 to about 1958, in which white power seemed to be consolidated, decolonization proceeded in three stages: first, the relatively peaceful achievement by 1968 of independence by those territories under direct British rule (the High Commission territories became Lesotho, Botswana, and …

Which year or century do you think Africa struggled the most?

Answer: I think your answer is 1980.

When did Africa gain independence?

The year was 1960. It was a powerful illustration of how new independence felt for so many African nations. Seventeen countries declared independence that year, which became known as the Year of Africa.

Why did some countries gain independence peacefully?

3. Why did some countries gain independence peacefully, while others faced violent struggles? The countries that had gained independence peacefully, gained it that way because there were no Europeans settled there at the time. where many European colonists had settled in the countries who faced violent struggles.

When did African countries gain independence?

Chronological List of African Independence
CountryIndependence DatePrior ruling country
Liberia, Republic ofJuly 26, 1847
South Africa, Republic ofMay 31, 1910Britain
Egypt, Arab Republic ofFeb. 28, 1922Britain
Ethiopia, People’s Democratic Republic ofMay 5, 1941Italy

What challenges did newly independent African countries face quizlet?

What obstacles did many newly independent African nations face? they had problems with having experienced leaders for their nations. Their economies were also not as strong.

What was Ghana’s major problem after independence?

Ghana still had high debts, however, and servicing the interest was crippling the country’s economy. Cocoa prices were also slumping and Ghana’s share of the market had declined.

What are some issues still facing Africa after decolonization?

These include deep economic problems, inhibiting growth and widening disparities between the northern and southern part of the globe. These disparities are reflected clearly on the African continent. Experiences a particularly important problem – rapid urbanization, with serious economic and social consequences.

What are 3 major problems in Africa?

Top challenges facing Africa today
  • Poverty. …
  • Poor Education. …
  • Ill Health. …
  • Violence. …
  • Hunger. …
  • Sustainable agriculture, nutrition and food security. …
  • Access to financing. …
  • Economic growth rate is far too low.

How did Africa gain independence?

Following World War II, rapid decolonisation swept across the continent of Africa as many territories gained their independence from European colonisation. … Consumed with post-war debt, European powers were no longer able to afford the resources needed to maintain control of their African colonies.

Why did African countries want independence?

After the Second World War people in Africa wanted change. Only Egypt, Liberia and Ethiopia were independent at that point. But it was Indian self-rule which triggered the momentum leading to independence. Everywhere the mood was hopeful as people were inspired by the vision of a new society free of European control.

What challenges does South Africa face today as a democracy select two responses?

high poverty and high unemployment rates. unequal access to transportation and technology.

What caused decolonization in Africa?

World War II led to decolonization of Africa by affecting both Europe and Africa militarily, psychologically, politically, and economically. In 1939, Nazi Germany initiated the Second World War by attacking and invading Poland. After Poland, Nazi Germany invaded Belgium, Holland, and France.

What country did South Africa gain its independence from?

Pre-Crisis Phase (May 31, 1910-June 13, 1913): South Africa formally achieved its independence from Britain on May 31, 1910. General Louis Botha formed a government as prime minister on May 31, 1910.

What was Africa original name?

In Kemetic History of Afrika, Dr cheikh Anah Diop writes, “The ancient name of Africa was Alkebulan. Alkebu-lan “mother of mankind” or “garden of Eden”.” Alkebulan is the oldest and the only word of indigenous origin. It was used by the Moors, Nubians, Numidians, Khart-Haddans (Carthagenians), and Ethiopians.Mar 8, 2020

How did Africa gain independence in 1960?

Two countries achieved independence from the British Empire in 1960: Somalia, through the unification of British Somaliland and the Trust Territory of Somalia, and Nigeria. … Five days later, it united with the Italian Trust Territory of Somalia to create the Somali Republic on 1 July.

How did East Africa gain independence?

Independence in East Africa

By 1960 Britain was ready to concede independence to most of its African colonies. Tanganyika became independent under Julius Nyerere in 1961, followed by Uganda under Milton Obote in 1962 and Kenya under the premiership of Jomo Kenyatta in 1963.

What problems did newly independent nations encounter?

The new nation also faced economic and foreign policy problems. A huge debt remained from the Revolutionary War and paper money issued during the conflict was virtually worthless. In violation of the peace treaty of 1783 ending the Revolutionary War, Britain continued to occupy forts in the Old Northwest.

What are some of the problems and needs of modern day Africa?

Today, Africa remains the poorest and least-developed continent in the world. Hunger, poverty, terrorism, local ethnic and religious conflicts, corruption and bribery, disease outbreaks – this was Africa’s story until the early 2000s.

What is the first African country to gain independence?

Today Ghana marks 60 years of independence from British colonial rule. As the first sub-Saharan country to gain independence, Ghana’s precedent in 1957 inspired other countries to seek liberation and 17 African countries gained independence in 1960.

Which African country gained independence peacefully?

Between March 1957, when Ghana declared independence from Great Britain, and July 1962, when Algeria wrested independence from France after a bloody war, 24 African nations freed themselves from their former colonial masters. In most former English and French colonies, independence came relatively peacefully.

Why were most African nations able to win freedom peacefully?

Why were many African nations able to win independence after World War II? … Colonial rule disrupted economies, separated allies and friends, United enemies (and not in a good way), and provided Africans with better technology and communication.

What African country gained independence without fighting?

Liberia is the only African republic to have self-proclaimed independence without gaining independence through revolt from any other nation, being Africa’s first and oldest modern republic. Liberia maintained and kept its independence during the European colonial era.

What do you think some of the challenges would be for countries which had been colonized?

Colonialism’s impacts include environmental degradation, the spread of disease, economic instability, ethnic rivalries, and human rights violations—issues that can long outlast one group’s colonial rule.

What challenges did newly independent countries have to face as a result of a change colonial boundaries?

What challenge did newly independent countries have to face as a result of unchanged colonial boundaries? forced to pay reparations to the Allies.

What was an obstacle to Nigerian unity after the nation gained independence from Britain?

What was an obstacle to Nigerian unity after the nation gained independence from Britain? The Nigerian population was ethnically and religiously diverse. . The Soviet Union and United States fought a proxy war in Nigeria.

What problems did the new nations of Ghana and Kenya face?

The new nation of Ghana and Kenya faced the problems of weak economies. They also had a corruption in government, and ethnic conflicts. Mobutu ruled the Congo with harsh and corrupt rule caused the country to be poor. There was conflict because many Arabic countries opposed the plan of Jews having a homeland.

What are challenges in Ghana?

Ghana has lost half its forest cover since 2000, soil erosion is widespread, fish stocks are declining, and the artisanal mining sector has resulted in widespread pollution of waterways.

What are some problems in Ghana?

However, despite the abundance of natural resources, Ghana just like its neighboring countries is crippled by several economic and social issues such as poverty, hunger, corruption, illiteracy, poor governance, etc.

Why did Ghana’s economy suffer after independence?

In 1966 a group of military officers overthrew Nkrumah and inherited a nearly bankrupt country. Since then, Ghana has been caught in a cycle of debt, weak commodity demand, and currency overvaluation, which has resulted in the decay of productive capacities and a crippling foreign debt.

The struggles for independence and the impact of redrawing borders | The Economist

How South Africa Gained Independence and fought Apartheid

HISTORY FORM 3 Struggle for Independence in Kenya Explained

African Decolonisation Explained

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