what natural resources are available in the andes mountains?

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What Natural Resources Are Available In The Andes Mountains??

The principal minerals are copper in Chile and Peru; tin in Bolivia; silver, lead, and zinc in Bolivia and Peru; gold in Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, Chile, and Colombia; platinum in Colombia; bismuth in Bolivia; coal in Colombia; and iron in Chile, Peru, and Colombia.

What is mined in the Andes Mountains?

There exist large deposits of Coal, oil and natural gas, iron ore, gold, silver, tin, copper, phosphates and nitrates and Bauxite (for aluminium) within the Andes mountains. The Yanacocha gold mine in Peru is the largest gold mine in the world.

What is the importance of the Andes Mountains?

The Andes play a vital part in national economies, accounting for a significant proportion of the region’s GDP, providing large agricultural areas, mineral resources, and water for agriculture, hydroelectricity (Figure 1), domestic use, and some of the largest business centres in South America.

What is it like to live in the Andes Mountains?

The people living high up in the mountains have to adapt to the thin air so peoples lungs adapt and grow bigger to have more room for oxygen. People who live in the higher zones wear thick clothing that is usually black and the people in the lower zones wear thin white clothing in which they will stay cool.

What rocks are found in the Andes Mountains?

The rocks run the gamut of sedimentary rocks, including: sandstones, siltstones, shales, limestones, and quartzites. Volumetrically and economically, Ordovician and Silurian shales and siltstones are probably the most important sequences (formed 500-440 million and 440-395 million years age, respectively).

What minerals are rich in mountains?

The Mineral-Rich Mountain states—Colorado, Montana and Wyoming—represent a transition zone between the Rocky Mountains to the west and the Great Plains to the east. Millions of years of tectonic events and stratigraphic sequences have made this one of the most energy-rich regions in the United States.

What natural changes have led to the geographic features of the Andes region you see today?

The forces of plate tectonics are responsible for the formation of the Andes. The Nazca plate and a part of the Antarctic plate have been subducting beneath the South American plate, which is a process that continues today and causes earthquakes and volcanic eruptions in the region.

Which country’s economy benefits the most from mining in the Andes Mountains?

Peru
In Peru, mining is the most important human activity above 11,500 feet, but the great majority of the Andean population is engaged in agriculture and raising sheep, cattle, goats, llamas, and alpacas; a growing proportion of people have become employed in industry and commerce.

Why do people live in Andes?

Scarce oxygen, cold temperatures, and intense ultraviolet radiation make the Andes a tough place to live. How did humans adapt to such heights? A new study of ancient and modern DNA suggests in some South American highlanders, the answer includes changes to their heart muscles.

What animals live in the Andes mountain?

Here are just some of the amazing wildlife that thrives in the Andes:
  • The Andean Condor. Few animals are as iconic, in the high Andes, as the spellbinding condor. …
  • The Llama. …
  • The Alpaca. …
  • The Guanaco. …
  • The Vicuña. …
  • The Viscacha. …
  • The Andean (Spectacled) Bear. …
  • The Mountain Tapir.

What civilization lived in the Andes Mountains?

Peru. Chavín was one of the earliest civilizations in the Andes, in the north-central highlands of Peru. Origins of the great architectural complex at Chavín de Huántar date as early as 1,200 BCE. Located at an elevation of 3,150 metres (10,330 feet), the site comprises plazas, public buildings and domestic structures.

How did people adapt to the Andes Mountains?

In the Andes people have also adapted their daily routine to their climate. People wear light clothes in the Tierra Caliente, while people in higher zones wear thicker clothes. People have also have adapted their bodies, too. In the Tierra Fria people have lungs that are larger due to the thin air.

Are the Andes mountains growing or shrinking?

It’s been understood that the Andes mountain range has been growing as the Nazca oceanic plate slips underneath the South American continental plate, causing the Earth’s crust to shorten (by folding and faulting) and thicken.

What are some interesting facts about the Andes Mountains?

The Andes are the world’s highest mountain range outside of Asia. The average height of Andes Mountains is approximately 4,000 meters (13,000 feet). The highest elevation in the Andes is Mount Aconcagua in Argentina, which is 6,961 meters (22,838 feet) above sea level. It is the highest mountain outside Asia.

What three minerals are found in the Andes?

Minerals of the Andes: Emeralds, Gold, and Silver from the Sky. Andes are also the home to the greatest source of mineral wealth in the world today. 30 percent of the silver production and significant amounts of lead, zinc and gold.

Which mountain range is best known for its rich natural resources?

The Southern Rocky Mountains began to rise during the Laramide Orogeny (which peaked about 68 to 65 million years ago). The region is rich in minerals and mining lore, and continues to produce a variety of mineral resources (Figure 5.16).

What metals are found in mountains?

Only gold, silver, copper and the platinum group occur native in large amounts. Over geological time scales, very few metals can resist natural weathering processes like oxidation, so mainly the less reactive metals such as gold and platinum are found as native metals.

Which rivers originate in the Andes Mountains?

The Marañón, Mantaro and Apurímac Rivers originate in the high mountain area of the Peruvian Andes at altitudes over 5,000 metres (16,000 ft). All three sources are considered to be the source of the Amazon, but from different points of view.

Which geographical process caused the Andes Mountains?

The Andes are the result of tectonic plate processes, caused by the subduction of oceanic crust beneath the South American Plate. It is the result of a convergent plate boundary between the Nazca Plate and the South American Plate.

What natural resources could help the economies of the region?

Natural resources such as oil, gas, minerals and timber are expected to continue to play a significant role in resource abundant economies, as demand from rapidly growing economies increases, and as supplies of non-renewable resources decline and renewable resource harvests approach maximum sustained yield levels.

What natural resources are available in Chile?

Natural Resources

Chile’s greatest natural resource is its abundance of copper. Chile also has the world’s largest deposits of nitrate, which was the country’s major source of export income before copper. Timber, from the thick forests in the south, is another important resource.

What are the natural resources in South America?

South America’s major mineral resources are gold, silver, copper, iron ore, tin, and petroleum. These resources found in South America have brought high income to its countries especially in times of war or of rapid economic growth by industrialized countries elsewhere.

Was Inca an Andean?

The Inca Empire was a vast empire that flourished in the Andean region of South America from the early 15th century A.D. up until its conquest by the Spanish in the 1530s. Even after the conquest, Inca leaders continued to resist the Spaniards up until 1572, when its last city, Vilcabamba, was captured.

What resources did the Andean peoples have?

The Andean people’s resources were: wild game, fish, precious metals, land to raise crops, and livestock.

How old are the Andes?

50 million years old
The Andes Mountains are over 50 million years old, they were created when the South American and Pacific tectonic plates collided.

What plants grow in the Andes Mountains?

Agriculture in the lowlands is pretty developed in all the Andes, the main crops are: Cotton, Sugar Cane, Soya Beans, Coffee Beans, citric fruits like: Orange, Lime, Lemon, and Mandarin, some kind of tubers like: Walusa and Yucca, Coconut, Bananas, Mango Fruit, Coca Leaves, and much more.

Do jaguars live in the Andes Mountains?

Tropical Andes in Bolivia, Peru and Argentina. Misiones Province in Argentina.

Are there Jaguars in the Andes?

Jaguar trade is prohibited worldwide, as the species has the highest level of international protection. … Currently there are between 2,000 and 3,000 registered jaguars in this Andean country.

What did Olmec invent?

In addition to their influence with contemporaneous Mesoamerican cultures, as the first civilization in Mesoamerica, the Olmecs are credited, or speculatively credited, with many “firsts”, including the bloodletting and perhaps human sacrifice, writing and epigraphy, and the invention of popcorn, zero and the

Who built Machu Picchu?

Machu Picchu’s Inca Past

Historians believe Machu Picchu was built at the height of the Inca Empire, which dominated western South America in the 15th and 16th centuries.

What civilization came before the Incas?

We know, for instance, that a civilization called the Wari ruled much of present-day Peru toward the end of the first millennium (the exact dates vary), or about 500 years before the rise of the Inca. Their capital, Hurai, had an estimated 40,000 people at its peak.

What makes the Atacama unique one of a kind?

Often compared to the planet Mars, the Atacama’s landscape and soils are unique. Its appearance is unlike other deserts and several movies and television programmes have been filmed in the area. One of the most famous of which is A Space Odyssey. 9.

How did Chávin farmers adapt to growing crops in the Andes?

To grow their food, farmers in ancient Andean civilizations developed irrigation canals. These carried water to crops the farmers developed, such as potatoes.

How have farmers adapted to the difficult landscape of the Andes?

They attracted settlers because of the cooler climate and fertile soil. How have farmers adapted to the difficult landscape of the Andes? Farmers use different types of farming like subsistence and terrace farming. They farm on the sides of mountains.

13 Fascinating Facts About The Andes Mountain

Formation of the Andes Mountains

SOUTH-AMERICA The Andean Mountains

Living in the Andes Mountains | SLICE

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