what is the term for an expert on a particular aspect of native life?


What Is The Term For An Expert On A Particular Aspect Of Native Life??

What is the term for an expert on a particular aspect of native life? key cultural consultant. Ethnographers typically combine emic and etic strategies in their fieldwork.

What is another name for a key cultural consultant?

When an anthropologist establishes a rapport with these individuals and begins to rely more on them for information than on others, the cultural specialists are referred to as key informants or key cultural consultants.

What did Bronislaw Malinowski mean when he referred to everyday cultural patterns as the imponderabilia of native life and of typical behavior group of answer choices?

5. What did Bronislaw Malinowski mean when he referred to everyday cultural patterns as “the imponderabilia of native life and of typical behavior”? … Features of everyday culture are, at first, imponderable, but as the ethnographer builds rapport, their logic and functional value in society become clear.

What is the term for the kind of cultural change that results when two or more cultures have consistent first hand contact?

Enculturation. is the exchange of cultural features that results when two or more groups come into consistent firsthand contact. Anthropologists agree that cultural learning is uniquely elaborated among humans and that all humans have culture.

What kind of researcher has traditionally studied small non western populations?

Traditionally, anthropologists used this type of techniques to study small populations to create firsthand, personal studies of local cultural settings.

What is symbolic and interpretive anthropology?

Symbolic anthropology or, more broadly, symbolic and interpretive anthropology, is the study of cultural symbols and how those symbols can be used to gain a better understanding of a particular society. … Both approaches are products of different figures, Clifford Geertz (interpretive) and Victor Turner (symbolic).

What is armchair anthropology?

Armchair anthropology: an early and discredited method of anthropological research that did not involve direct contact with the people studied. … Cultural evolutionism: a theory popular in nineteenth century anthropology suggesting that societies evolved through stages from simple to advanced.

What are cultural particulars?

What are cultural particulars? A. Traits isolated from other traits in the same culture. … Traits unique to a given culture, not shared with any others.

What do anthropologists mean when they say culture is shared?

What do anthropologists mean when they say culture is shared? Culture is an attribute of individuals as members of groups. … How culture takes the natural biological urges we share with other animals and teaches us how to express them in particular ways.

What is the process by which children learn a particular cultural tradition?

Children learn such a tradition by growing up in a particular society, through a process called enculturation.

What is the term for the kind of cultural change that results when two or more?

What is the term for cultural change that results when two or more cultures have continuous first hand contact? Acculturation. Which of the following is not a distinctive feature of four field anthropology? It has as exclusive focus on contemporary cultures. Biological anthropologists study all the following except.

What is the meaning of Deculturation?

Definition of deculturation

: the process of divesting a tribe or people of their indigenous traits for many native peoples brought involuntarily and reluctantly into contact with western civilization, acculturation is all too often deculturation— David Bidney.

What is acculturation and assimilation?

In assimilation, the minority culture is fully absorbed into the majority culture. After this process is complete, there is no identifiable minority culture. … Acculturation occurs when the minority culture changes but is still able to retain unique cultural markers of language, food and customs.

What are the subfields of cultural anthropology?

  • Anthropologists have been asking questions about human societies and how they have changed and developed since the mid-nineteenth century. …
  • The four subfields of anthropology include cultural anthropology, archaeology, biological anthropology, and linguistic anthropology.

What are the subfields of anthropology?

The Four Subfields
  • Archaeology. Archaeologists study human culture by analyzing the objects people have made. …
  • Biological Anthropology. …
  • Cultural Anthropology. …
  • Linguistic Anthropology.

Do anthropologists study only non western cultures?

Anthropologists study only non-Western cultures. Humans can adapt to their surroundings through both biological and cultural means. Culture is not itself biological but rests on certain features of human biology.

What is Interpretivism anthropology?

“Interpretive anthropology” refers to the specific approach to ethnographic writing and practice interrelated to (but distinct from) other perspectives that developed within sociocultural anthropology during the Cold War, the decolonization movement, and the war in Vietnam.

What is the theory of Clifford Geertz?

He argued that culture is made up of the meanings people find to make sense of their lives and to guide their actions. Interpretive social science is an attempt to engage those meanings. Unlike other anthropological scholars, Geertz did not focus on so-called primitive groups.

What is symbolic ecology?

In doing so, we will introduce a somewhat new way of combining or synthesizing previous research and theories into a new perspective that I call “symbolic ecology.” It is a perspective that simultaneously combines four dimensions-the physical and the social and the collective and the individual.

What is cultural holism?

Holism is the perspective on the human condition that assumes that mind, body, individuals, society, and the environment interpenetrate, and even define one another. In anthropology holism tries to integrate all that is known about human beings and their activities.

What is ethnographic work?

ethnography, descriptive study of a particular human society or the process of making such a study. Contemporary ethnography is based almost entirely on fieldwork and requires the complete immersion of the anthropologist in the culture and everyday life of the people who are the subject of his study.

What is reflexivity in anthropology?

In anthropology, reflexivity has come to have two distinct meanings, one that refers to the researcher’s awareness of an analytic focus on his or her relationship to the field of study, and the other that attends to the ways that cultural practices involve consciousness and commentary on themselves.

What is the difference between cultural universal and cultural particular?

culture: The beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that constitute a people’s way of life. particular: A specific case; an individual thing as opposed to a whole class. universal: Common to all society; worldwide.

What are examples of a subculture?

Subcultures are part of society while keeping their specific characteristics intact. Examples of subcultures include hippies, goths, bikers, and skinheads. The concept of subcultures was developed in sociology and cultural studies.

What are the material aspects of culture?

material culture, tools, weapons, utensils, machines, ornaments, art, buildings, monuments, written records, religious images, clothing, and any other ponderable objects produced or used by humans. If all the human beings in the world ceased to exist, nonmaterial aspects of culture would cease to exist along with them.

What does it mean when they say culture is shared?

“Culture Is Shared 1. To be considered a cultural characteristic, a particular belief, value, or practice must be shared by a significant portion of the society. 2. Culture is often viewed as group customs that link together members of society. 3.

What does it mean to say that culture is shared?

Culture is shared.

To say that a group of people shares a culture does not mean all individuals think or act in identical ways. One’s beliefs and practices can vary within a culture depending on age, gender, social status, and other characteristics.

What do anthropologists mean when they say culture is learned?

Culture is the patterns of learned and shared behavior and beliefs of a particular social, ethnic, or age group. … Humans in turn use culture to adapt and transform the world they live in.

What do you call the process of learning your own culture?

Enculturation is the gradual process by which people learn the culture of their own group by living in it, observing it, and being taught things by members of the group. … Enculturation is sometimes also called socialization.

What is the meaning of applied anthropology?

Applied anthropology is simply “anthropology put to use” (to quote John Van Willigen). It is any kind of anthropological research that is done to solve practical problems. … Anthropology can be used to solve problems in an enormous variety of fields.

What are processes through which culture can be learned?

In terms of the former, the two processes through which culture is learned and taught are enculturation and socialization. Enculturation refers to the process through which an individual learns aspects of a culture based on what is (made) available to her [3].

What is it called when you mix different cultures together?

Acculturation is one of several forms of culture contact, and has a couple of closely related terms, including assimilation and amalgamation. … Amalgamation refers to a blending of cultures, rather than one group eliminating another (acculturation) or one group mixing itself into another (assimilation).

What is acculturation theory?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In second-language acquisition, the Acculturation Model is a theory proposed by John Schumann to describe the acquisition process of a second language (L2) by members of ethnic minorities that typically include immigrants, migrant workers, or the children of such groups.

What is assimilation in sociology?

assimilation, in anthropology and sociology, the process whereby individuals or groups of differing ethnic heritage are absorbed into the dominant culture of a society.

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