what is the overall climate of the atacama desert?


What Is The Overall Climate Of The Atacama Desert??

The climate is magnificent throughout the year, with more than 90% of the days being radiant. In winter (June, July and August) the average daytime temperature is 22°C (72°F) and by night 4°C (39°F), descending to -2°C (28°F) in extreme cases; days are very pleasant, inviting you to lay in the sun’s corridors.

What type of climate is found in the Atacama?

ClimateEcoregionNatural region
Desert (BWh, BWk)Atacama desertNorte Grande
Semi-arid (BWk, BSk)
Chilean matorralCentral Chile
Mediterranean (Csa, Csb)

Is the Atacama Desert Hot or cold?

The Atacama is the driest hot desert in the world. There are some weather stations in the Atacama where there has never been any rain! Not all deserts are hot. The Dry Valleys in Antarctica are cold deserts.

What is the temperature range in the Atacama Desert?

What are Temperatures like in the Atacama Desert? Temperatures vary depending on the season, altitude and time of day, with highs of 32⁰C/89⁰F at the height of summer, to -2⁰C/28⁰F on a winter’s night.

What is the average high temperature in the Atacama Desert?

Whilst during the summer months the average temperatures are around 27°C (81°F) during the day and 16°C (61°F) at night. That may put the Atacama way behind the Sahara Desert with summer highs of a positively roasting 50°C (122°F), but it’s certainly more enjoyable to hike in!

What is the weather in Atacama Desert?

The climate is magnificent throughout the year, with more than 90% of the days being radiant. In winter (June, July and August) the average daytime temperature is 22°C (72°F) and by night 4°C (39°F), descending to -2°C (28°F) in extreme cases; days are very pleasant, inviting you to lay in the sun’s corridors.

What is climate in Chile?

It is warm all year round. There is a very large daily range of temperate, up to 30 degrees celsius. Central Chile has a mediterranean type climate with long, hot summers and cool, wet winters. … The summer temperatures are mild in Patagonia and warmer in Southern Continental Chile.

Why does the Atacama Desert have arid climate?

Most of the desert is composed of stony terrain, salt lakes (salares), sand, and felsic lava that flows towards the Andes. The desert owes its extreme aridity to a constant temperature inversion due to the cool north-flowing Humboldt ocean current and to the presence of the strong Pacific anticyclone.

What is the humidity in the Atacama Desert?

The daily atmospheric relative humidity of the Atacama Desert ranges from 0% at noon to 100% at midnight in the hyperarid core area, with a mean value of~30% [31, 37, 38]. Since warmer air has a higher capacity for moisture, the moisture content at 4°C is generally similar to that of the air above Atacama soils. …

What is the temperature difference between Atacama and Death Valley?

Deserts by their very nature are dry, but Atacama is unique. It’s 50 times drier than Death Valley in California. And it’s not because it’s hotter. Atacama averages around 80 degrees Fahrenheit during the day, whereas temperatures in Death Valley regularly soar above 110.

How cold does the Atacama Desert?

0 to 30 degrees
Even though the Atacama is the driest place in the world that does not mean it is the hottest. The Atacama Desert is actually a really cold place with temperatures ranging from 0 to 30 degrees.

What are the seasons like in Atacama Desert?

Seasonal Overview
  • December to February / high season.
  • July to September / low season. Winter is the low season with below freezing temperatures recorded at night. …
  • September to November and March to May / shoulder season.

How hot is the Gobi desert in summer?

These winds may cause the Gobi to reach −40 °C (−40 °F) in winter to 45 °C (113 °F) in summer. However, the climate of the Gobi is one of great extremes, combined with rapid changes of temperature of as much as 35 °C (63 °F).

What’s the hottest place in the world?

Death Valley, California, USA

The aptly named Furnace Creek currently holds the record for hottest air temperature ever recorded. The desert valley reached highs of 56.7C in the summer of 1913, which would apparently push the limits of human survival.

How many seasons does Atacama Desert have?

There are three main seasons in the Atacama: high season (summer, roughly December – February); low season (winter, running from June -August); and the shoulder seasons (spring, which is September – November, and autumn, which is March-May). For the best stargazing, the high season is the time to visit.

Which is the hottest desert in the world?

The Sahara
The Sahara is the hottest desert in the world – with one of the harshest climates. The average annual temperature is 30°C, whilst the hottest temperature ever recorded was 58°C. The area receives little rainfall, in fact, half of the Sahara Desert receives less than 1 inch of rain every year.

Where is the Atacama Desert?

northern Chile
Atacama Desert, Spanish Desierto de Atacama, cool, arid region in northern Chile, 600 to 700 miles (1,000 to 1,100 km) long from north to south. Its limits are not exactly determined, but it lies mainly between the south bend of the Loa River and the mountains separating the Salado-Copiapó drainage basins.

Where is the best climate in Chile?

Santiago sits in the central part of Chile and boasts an ideal climate, which is probably why around 80% of Chile’s population lives in the capital!Oct 9, 2016

What type of climate is found in Santiago Chile?

The center

In central Chile, in the northern part of the central valley, located between the coast and the Andes (see Santiago, Curicó, Chillán), the climate is almost Mediterranean that is, mild and rainy in winter, and warm to hot and sunny in summer.

What is the Weather like in Chile in February?

February Weather in Santiago Chile. Daily high temperatures are around 85°F, rarely falling below 77°F or exceeding 91°F. Daily low temperatures decrease by 2°F, from 57°F to 55°F, rarely falling below 50°F or exceeding 61°F.

What influences the climate of the Atacama Desert?

The Atacama Desert can attribute its astoundingly low precipitation to a combination of several “drying” factors: the subtropical high, a double rain shadow, and the cold ocean current running up the west coast of South America.

What is the altitude of the Atacama Desert?

The Atacama Desert is a conflicted prospect—unflinchingly flat in parts, yet fringed by the last, westernmost outriders of the Andes; a 49,000-square-mile (78,850 square kilometer) pocket that sits at an elevation of 7,900 feet (2,408 meters) yet manages to be one of the most persistently dry corners of the planet ( …

What climate zones are found in Bolivia?

The basic weather pattern of Bolivia is the wet and the dry season, which happens at the same time country-wide. There are basically five separate climatic regions: The Andes and Altiplano, the Yungas and Chapare, the temperate valleys, the Chaco and the tropical lowlands of the upper Amazon basin.

Why is Atacama the driest desert?

Why is the Atacama Desert so dry? The Atacama Desert is located in a zone called the “shadow of rain”. … Basically, there is an absence of rains and high evaporation. These natural, complex, and dynamic factors make the Atacama Desert an incredibly dry place.

Is there a cold desert?

Cold deserts have hot summers but extremely cold winters. These deserts are found in high, flat areas, called plateaus, or mountainous areas in temperate regions of the world. … Many scientists consider Antarctica to be a type of cold desert because it gets very little rain or snow.

What desert is cold?

Cold deserts are found in the Antarctic, Greenland, Iran, Turkestan, Northern and Western China. They are also known as polar deserts. These deserts are generally found in certain mountainous areas. Some famous cold deserts are: – Atacama, Gobi, Great Basin, Namib, Iranian, Takla Makan, and Turkestan.

Does Atacama Desert have snow?

In Chile, the Atacama Desert is considered the driest desert on earth and rarely receives rain, let alone snow. But last week, 32″ of snow fell on the area. The desert will see a rainfall event every two or three years, but usually in June or July. For snow to fall this late in August is extremely rare.

What climate is the Mediterranean?

The concept of Mediterranean climate is characterized by mild wet winters and warm to hot, dry summers and occur on the west side of continents between about 30° and 40° latitude. However, the presence of a relatively large mass of water is unique to the actual Mediterranean region.

Which part of Chile has a climate similar to Mediterranean region?

Santiago Metropolitan Region

The main climatic characteristics of the Santiago region correspond to the Mediterranean type-climate, with a long dry season and a short rainy winter. Rainfall decreases from the coast to the central depression and increases again in the Andes Mountains.

What is summer like in Chile?

Summer runs from December to February, and winter from June to August. It is difficult to pinpoint temperatures ranges for the country as a whole as they’re so variable. There’s the dry, arid Atacama desert in the north where temperatures reach a maximum of 32°C (90°F) and can drop to -2°C (28°F).

What is Gobi desert climate?

The climate is acutely continental and dry: winter is severe, spring is dry and cold, and summer is warm. The annual temperature range is considerable, with average lows in January reaching −40 °F (−40 °C) and average highs in July climbing to 113 °F (45 °C); daily temperature ranges also can be quite large.

What climate zone is the Gobi desert in?

The southern. …the corresponding temperatures for the Gobi area are 5 °F (−15 °C) and 70 °F (21 °C).… toward the centre of the Gobi (desert), an arid zone with low summer rainfall, strong evaporation, almost perpetual sunshine, and constant northwesterly winds.

Is the Gobi desert cold or hot?

Cold deserts form at higher latitudes. The Patagonian desert in South America and the Gobi desert in Asia are cold deserts. Hot deserts are found in large bands that straddle the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, either side of the equator. The Sahara and Kalahari deserts in Africa are hot deserts.

Can you live in Death Valley?

More than 300 people live year-round in Death Valley, one of the hottest places on Earth. Here’s what it’s like. With average daytime temperatures of nearly 120 degrees in August, Death Valley is one of the hottest regions in the world.

How the Atacama desert became a dumping ground

Atacama: The Driest Desert on Earth

Chile’s desert becomes a dumping ground for fast fashion | WION Climate Tracker

Atacama desert – Extreme Weather

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