what element behaves most like magnesium


What element is most like magnesium?

the element that you would expect to be most like magnesium is going to be in the same group as magnesium because elements in the same group share similar chemical properties. The only element from the options potassium silver bro me in calcium and lead that is in the same group of magnesium is calcium.

Which element will act similar to magnesium and why?

The two elements which will show chemical reactions similar to magnesium are beryllium (Be) and calcium (Ca). This is because beryllium and calcium to the same group of periodic table as magnesium (which is group 2). All of them have similar electronic configurations with 2 valence electrons each.

What two elements have the same properties as Magnesium?

Calcium and Beryllium are similar to Magnesium because all the three elements belong to the same group and have 2 valence electrons in their outer shell.

Is Magnesium a metal?

A silvery-white metal that ignites easily in air and burns with a bright light. Magnesium is one-third less dense than aluminium.

Which of the following pairs of elements do you expect to be most similar?

Elements under the same Groups in the Periodic Table have similar characteristics. ANSWER: c. lithium and sodium would be most similar.

Which group of elements has properties that are most similar to those of the elements in group 2?

The elements in group 2 (the second column) form compounds consisting of one atom of the element and two atoms of hydrogen: These are called alkaline earth metals, with similar properties among members of that group.

Is magnesium similar to calcium?

These chemical elements are collectively called as the Alkaline Earth Metals. Beryllium, Calcium and Magnesium are three of the six elements that fall into this category. The outer electronic structure of all these elements is similar due to which they all have similarity in their chemical and physical properties.

Is magnesium an element or compound?

magnesium (Mg), chemical element, one of the alkaline-earth metals of Group 2 (IIa) of the periodic table, and the lightest structural metal. Its compounds are widely used in construction and medicine, and magnesium is one of the elements essential to all cellular life.

What are 5 chemical properties of magnesium?

Chemical properties of magnesium – Health effects of magnesium – Environmental effects of magnesium
Atomic number12
Atomic mass24.305 g.mol 1
Electronegativity according to Pauling1.2
Density1.74 g.cm 3 at 20 °C
Melting point650 °C

What does magnesium react with?

Reactions With

Oxygen: When exposed to oxygen, magnesium turns into magnesium oxide. Hydrogen: When exposed to hydrogen, magnesium turns into magnesium hydride. Nitrogen: When reacted with nitrogen, magnesium turns into magnesium nitride. Halogens: When reacted with a halogen, magnesium is very reactive.

What is elemental magnesium?

The “elemental Magnesium” is then the amount of actual Magnesium within each salt. For example, Magnesium oxide is about 60% Magnesium, which means that 400mg of Magnesium oxide only provides 241mg of actual elemental Magnesium. Other salts provide even lower percentages.

What is magnesium made up of?

Magnesium was first isolated by Sir Humphry Davy, an English chemist, through the electrolysis of a mixture of magnesium oxide (MgO) and mercuric oxide (HgO) in 1808. Today, magnesium can be extracted from the minerals dolomite (CaCO3·MgCO3) and carnallite (KCl·MgCl2·6H2O), but is most often obtained from seawater.

Why is magnesium so reactive?

Magnesium atoms typically lose two electrons to form chemical compounds. A reactive complex has finally been made in which magnesium keeps all of its electrons, and which can be thought of as a soluble form of the metal.

Which pair of elements is chemically most similar?

F and Cl are chemically similar

Hence, we can conclude that elements in the same group of the periodic table have similar properties because they have same number of valence electrons. Only Florine (F) and chlorine belong to same group and thus are chemically similar.

Which pair have the most similar chemical properties?

For example, pairs lithium (Li) and magnesium (Mg), beryllium (Be) and aluminium (Al), boron (B) and silicon (Si), etc are exhibiting similar properties. Boron and Silicon are both semiconductors. Thus Magnesium and Lithium have similar properties. So, the correct answer is “Option A”.

Are P and Si similar?

Basing on the periodic table Silicon, having a symbol Si belongs to the main-group element while Phosphorus, having a symbol P also belongs to the main-group element. However, Si is classified as metalloids while P is classified as non-metals. Thus, they do not have similar properties.

What elements have similar properties?

Two different elements have similar chemical properties when they have the same number of valence electrons in their outermost energy level. Elements in the same column of the Periodic Table have similar chemical properties.

Which set of elements has similar properties?

The vertical columns on the periodic table are called groups or families because of their similar chemical behavior. All the members of a family of elements have the same number of valence electrons and similar chemical properties.

What are 3 similar properties of these elements alkali metals?

Alkali metals share many similar properties including:
  • They are shiny, soft, metals.
  • They are very reactive.
  • They all have one valence electron in the outermost shell which they seek to lose in order to have a full outer shell. …
  • They are soft enough to be cut with a knife.

What is similar about sodium and magnesium?

Elements that are in the same period have the same energy (or close to the same energy) levels of their outermost valance electrons. … Both Sodium and Magnesium have their outermost valance electrons in the same third period. Sodium has the electron configuration of. 1s22s22p63s1 for a total of 11 electrons.

Why the elements magnesium and calcium have similar properties?

Magnesium and calcium have similar chemical properties because they have the same number of electrons in their valence shells.

How do you compare elements?

Comparison chart
CompositionElements contain only one type of atom. Each atom has the same atomic number i.e., the same number of protons in their nucleus.
Ability to break downElements cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical reactions.
RepresentationAn element is represented using symbols.

Is magnesium element reactive?

Magnesium occurs naturally only in combination with other elements, where it invariably has a +2 oxidation state. The free element (metal) can be produced artificially, and is highly reactive (though in the atmosphere it is soon coated in a thin layer of oxide that partly inhibits reactivity – see passivation).

Why is magnesium a metal?

As magnesium is located in group 2 it is considered as a metal. When metals react with acid it yield salt and hydrogen gas. Accordingly, when magnesium reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid, it yields magnesium chloride (salt) and hydrogen gas as a product.

Is magnesium an alkaline earth metal?

alkaline-earth metal, any of the six chemical elements that comprise Group 2 (IIa) of the periodic table. The elements are beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba), and radium (Ra).

What are the characteristics of magnesium?

Characteristics: Magnesium is a silvery-white, low density, reasonably strong metal that tarnishes in air to form a thin oxide coating. Magnesium and its alloys have very good corrosion resistance and good high temperature mechanical properties. The metal reacts with water to produce hydrogen gas.

What property is magnesium?

Physical Properties:

Magnesium is a shiny, silver or gray colored metal that is light in weight and strong. Th density of magnesium is 1.738 g/mL, which means the metal will sink in water, but it is still relatively light weight.

What makes magnesium unique?

Magnesium is the metal ion found at the center of every chlorophyll molecule. It’s an essential element for photosynthesis. Magnesium ions taste sour. A small amount of magnesium imparts a slightly tart flavor to mineral water.

What type of reaction is magnesium and oxygen?

exothermic reaction
Oxygen and magnesium combine in a chemical reaction to form this compound. After it burns, it forms a white powder of the magnesium oxide. Magnesium gives up two electrons to oxygen atoms to form this powdery product. This is an exothermic reaction.

What is the chemical reaction of magnesium and oxygen?

magnesium oxide
Magnesium reacts with oxygen to produce magnesium oxide. Write the balanced chemical equation for this reaction.

1magnesium + oxygen → magnesium oxide
2Mg + O 2 → MgO
3reactants: 1 × Mg, 2 × O products: 1 × Mg, 1 × O Not balanced.
4Mg + O 2 → 2MgO

How does magnesium and water react?

Magnesium reacts with hot water much faster to produce magnesium hydroxide and hydrogen gas. Magnesium hydroxide is insoluble in water and is slightly basic, which reacts with the universal indicator, turning the solution blue/green or with phenolphthalein to turn the solution pink.

What is the most absorbable form of magnesium?

Magnesium glycinate
Magnesium glycinate — Magnesium glycinate (magnesium bound with glycine, a non-essential amino acid) is one of the most bioavailable and absorbable forms of magnesium, and also the least likely to induce diarrhea. It is the safest option for correcting a long-term deficiency.

What type of magnesium is elemental magnesium?

Magnesium glycinate

Magnesium glycinate is formed from elemental magnesium and the amino acid glycine.

What does elemental magnesium do?

This medication is a mineral supplement used to prevent and treat low amounts of magnesium in the blood. Some brands are also used to treat symptoms of too much stomach acid such as stomach upset, heartburn, and acid indigestion.

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