how did the aftermath of the war in europe differ from the aftermath of the war in japan


How Did The Aftermath Of The War In Europe Differ From The Aftermath Of The War In Japan?

How did the aftermath of the war in Europe differ from the aftermath of the war in Japan? Germany was divided as a country while Japan remained whole. … Demilitarization, bringing war criminals to trial, and democratization, the process of creating a government elected by the people.

How did the allies deal with the issue of war crimes in Europe during World War II what was the outcome?

Hoping to find their families or to find a safe place to live. How did the Allies deal with the issue of war crimes in Europe? They put the Nazi leaders on trial and either imprisoned them or executed them then burned the executed bodies in the crematorium ovens in of a the concentration camp.

What was Europe and Japan in ruins?

Trials of Nazi leaders charged with crimes against humanity, held in Nuremberg. 22 Nazi leaders were charged with waging a war of aggression. They were also accused of committing “crimes against humanity”—the murder of 11 million people.

What three programs did General Douglas MacArthur introduced during the US occupation of Japan?

What three programs did General Douglas MacArthur introduce during the U.S. occupation of Japan? Demilitarization, democratization, and the brining of war criminals to trial.

Why were the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials so important?

The Nuremberg Trial and the Tokyo War Crimes Trials (1945–1948) Following World War II, the victorious Allied governments established the first international criminal tribunals to prosecute high-level political officials and military authorities for war crimes and other wartime atrocities.

How did the trials in Japan differ from those in Nuremberg?

In a contrast to the trials at Nuremberg, in which photographs and videos of Nazi atrocities were put on public display, the Tokyo Trial was characterized by limited discussions of details. Also unlike Nuremberg, the Tokyo Trial did not receive near as much attention from the American press or citizenry.

Which country committed the most war crimes in ww2?

The Axis Powers (Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and Imperial Japan) were some of the most systematic perpetrators of war crimes in modern history.

Crimes perpetrated by Germany
  • Heusden: A town hall was massacred in November 1944.
  • German war crimes during the Battle of Moscow are another example.

Were US reforms in Japan a success?

The change in political structures was not a total loss for the Japanese. The reforms also had a broader positive impact on economic growth. Ultimately, diplomatic negotiations between the US and Japan were ‘successful’ as both states defended their national interest and benefitted from their agreements.

What conditions existed in Europe after World War II quizlet?

What conditions existed in Europe after WWII? In Europe after WWII, there was widespread suffering, food and fuel shortages, destructions of cities and much of the countryside, homeless civilians, and unemployment. Many left homeless but some lived in destroyed homes or apartments.

How did the end of the Second World war compare to the end of the First World war?

While WWI was fought in the trenches and used machine guns and poisonous gas, WWII was fought using modern artillery and machines utilizing more airplanes, ships, tanks, and submarines. … WWII ended with the defeat of Germany and Japan. It led to the rise of two new world superpowers, the USA and the Soviet Union.

Is Japan still under US control?

The US had turned most of Okinawa over to Japan in 1972 after controlling it from the end of World War II in 1945. This is the largest return of US-occupied land since then. … The US military is expected to continue to administer the area, which was used for jungle warfare training, a US official said.

Did the Japanese like MacArthur?

General MacArthur promised the Japanese people peace, which the people were very grateful for after years of war. The Japanese people loved MacArthur because his rule provided hope and peace for the people, much different from the fear and death the militarists provided.

Is Japan allowed to have an army?

The Constitution was imposed by the occupying United States in the post-World War II period. … Despite this, Japan maintains the Japan Self-Defense Forces, a de facto defensive army with strictly offensive weapons like ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons prohibited.

What was the outcome of the Nuremberg Trials?

The trials uncovered the German leadership that supported the Nazi dictatorship. Of the 177 defendants, 24 were sentenced to death, 20 to lifelong imprisonment, and 98 other prison sentences. Twenty five defendants were found not guilty. Many of the prisoners were released early in the 1950s as a result of pardons.

What were the effects of the Nuremberg Trials?

The Nuremberg trials established that all of humanity would be guarded by an international legal shield and that even a Head of State would be held criminally responsible and punished for aggression and Crimes Against Humanity.

What were the effects of the Nuremberg Trials quizlet?

The Nuremberg Trials effected International Criminal Law in the future. The Nuremberg Trials showed that the head of state could be held responsible for aggression and Crimes Against Humanity. The Nuremberg Trials were caused by the Crimes of the Nazi War criminals and their people.

Who was found guilty in the Nuremberg trials?

The Nuremberg trials
  • Martin Bormann – Guilty, sentenced in absentia to death by hanging. …
  • Karl Dönitz – Guilty, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.
  • Hans Frank – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging.
  • Wilhelm Frick – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging.
  • Hans Fritzsche – Acquitted.

Why were the trials held in Nuremberg?

Held for the purpose of bringing Nazi war criminals to justice, the Nuremberg trials were a series of 13 trials carried out in Nuremberg, Germany, between 1945 and 1949.

Was Pearl Harbor a war crime?

Japan and the United States were not then at war, although their conflicting interests were threatening to turn violent. The attack turned a dispute into a war; —Pearl Harbor was a crime because the Japanese struck first. Sixty years later, the administration of President George W.

Who successfully ordered the Japanese surrender?

President Truman appointed MacArthur to head the Allied occupation of Japan as Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers. For the site of Japan’s formal surrender, Truman chose the USS Missouri, a battleship that had seen considerable action in the Pacific and was named after Truman’s native state.

Who were the bad countries in ww2?

The leading Axis powers were Nazi Germany, the Empire of Japan and the Kingdom of Italy; while the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union were the “Big Three” Allied powers.

Why did America help Japan after the war?

Goals for reconstruction were democratic self-government, economic stability, and peaceful Japanese co-existence with the community of nations. The United States allowed Japan to keep its emperor — Hirohito — after the war. However, Hirohito had to renounce his divinity and publicly support Japan’s new constitution.

How did Japanese culture change after ww2?

After the war ended, Americans continued to occupy Japan until 1952. During this time, western values, art styles, and entertainment began to influence Japanese culture. As a result, many Japanese artists created new hybrid styles that blended traditional Japanese influences with western influences.

What did US do to Japan after ww2?

After the defeat of Japan in World War II, the United States led the Allies in the occupation and rehabilitation of the Japanese state. Between 1945 and 1952, the U.S. occupying forces, led by General Douglas A. … The Allies punished Japan for its past militarism and expansion by convening war crimes trials in Tokyo.

How did the war change Europe?

The First World War destroyed empires, created numerous new nation-states, encouraged independence movements in Europe’s colonies, forced the United States to become a world power and led directly to Soviet communism and the rise of Hitler.

Who did the Europeans blame for World war II?

Most importantly, Article 231 of the treaty placed all blame for inciting the war squarely on Germany, and forced it to pay several billion in reparations to the Allied nations.

Which of the following was a lasting effect of World war I?

It led to the Russian Revolution, the collapse of the German Empire and the collapse of the Hapsburg Monarchy, and it led to the restructuring of the political order in Europe and in other parts of the world, particularly in the Middle East.

How was World War II different from World War I and how did their outcomes differ?


The difference between WWI and WWII is that the first world war was fought with the motive of acquiring territories and colonies hence imperialism was the cause whereas the second World War was based on the domination of ideologies like Fascism, Nazism, and communism.

What were some of the outcomes or impacts of World War II on Europe?

In addition, many cities, towns and villages across Europe were completely destroyed by aerial bombing and heavy artillery. The wanton destruction of homes created thousands of refugees and displaced persons. Almost everyone in Europe was affected by the war.

How did Europe recover from the devastation of war?

Europe was able to recover from the devastation of the war by their ability to peacefully work together to recover their economies, by the political and military security of US against Germany, and the aiding of US in their recovery effort.

The Aftermath of World War II: Collaboration & Retribution

Potsdam 1945 – Post-World War Division of Europe

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