how did spain’s conquest of central mexico and the andes shape european competition in the americas


How did the Protestant Reformation affect the competition among European powers?

How did the Protestant Reformation affect the competition among European powers in the colonization of the Americas? It allowed Portugal to begin colonizing portions of Brazil. … They recruited indentured servants from across Europe. What ultimately convinced the English to keep supporting their colony in Virginia?

What were two main reasons why many people from Spain came to the Americas?

Spain colonized America because they were searching for gold and silver. They did find a lot of gold and silver when they conquered the Aztec and Inca Empires. France colonized North America because of the great amount of furs they found there.

What was the impact of the New World on Europeans?

Global patterns of trade were overturned, as crops grown in the New World–including tobacco, rice, and vastly expanded production of sugar–fed growing consumer markets in Europe. Even the natural environment was transformed. Europeans cleared vast tracks of forested land and inadvertently introduced Old World weeds.

How did the long era of imperial warfare beginning in 1689 affect the colonies Native Americans and relations between them?

How did the long era of imperial warfare beginning in 1689 affect the colonies, Native Americans, and relations between them? The long era of imperial warfare made the colonists form new alliances with the Native Americans.

How did the Protestant Reformation shaped the course of European expansion in the Americas?

The Protestant Reformation caused the British to separate themselves from the Catholic Church, which was the primary colonizing force in the Americas at the time, thanks to the Inter caetera, a papal decree which supposedly gave divine permission to Spain and Portugal to colonize and convert whatever peoples and lands …

What was Spain’s response to the Protestant Reformation?

How did it affect Spain’s response to the Protestant Reformation? He was fanatically devoted to the pope and the Roman church, more so than his father had been. Philip dedicated the wealth and power of Spain to the defeat of Protestantism, and vowed to conquer the world for Spain and the Roman Church. 4.

How did Spain benefit from the conquest and colonization of the Americas?

Spain gained goods from America such as gold and silver, and they also used Native Americans to farm for them. How did Spain benefit from the conquest and colonization of the Americas? The encomienda system was a system of forced labor. … When the encomienda system was ended, the slavery of Indians was also prohibited.

How were the Spanish able to conquer and colonize the Americas?

Spanish conquistadors, who were primarily poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain, were able to conquer the huge empires of the New World with the help of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), and military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful …

How did the Spanish justify their conquest of America?

Spain proffered three arguments to justify their seizure of the American continents and their subjugation of the native inhabitants: papal donation, discovery, and conquest. … This papal donation was a significant argument for title so long as the Catholic Church remained the only spiritual authority in Europe.

How did European exploration and colonization reshape the world system?

As Europeans moved beyond exploration and into colonization of the Americas, they brought changes to virtually every aspect of the land and its people, from trade and hunting to warfare and personal property. European goods, ideas, and diseases shaped the changing continent.

What was the impact of European conquest on the population and environment of the New World?

Colonization ruptured many ecosystems, bringing in new organisms while eliminating others. The Europeans brought many diseases with them that decimated Native American populations. Colonists and Native Americans alike looked to new plants as possible medicinal resources.

How has colonialism shaped the world?

Even after the nation became independent, colonization still affected the nation’s correspondence and position with and within the international world. Ultimately, colonialism left the independent nation unprepared to function in the modern global nation-state system and vulnerable to outside influence and pressure.

How did the discovery of gold and silver in Mexico and the Andes impact Spain?

How did the discovery of gold & silver in Mexico and the Andes impact Spain? Spain now has access to silk, spices, and ceramics from China. … -Spanish people migrated to Mesoamerica and the Andes; many were skilled tradesmen. -The racial mixture became more complex over time.

How did Bacon’s Rebellion change culture?

Historians believe the rebellion hastened the hardening of racial lines associated with slavery, as a way for planters and the colony to control some of the poor.

How did the army respond to the Ghost Dance in the late 1800s?

How did the army respond to the Ghost Dance in the late 1800s? The army attempted to stop the revival, forcibly if necessary. The army attempted to stop the Ghost Dance revival, which led to the killing of 250 Lakota at Wounded Knee Creek. What was Jefferson’s vision of American westward expansion?

How did the Protestant and Catholic reformations shape European colonial expansion?

How did the Protestant and catholic reformations Change power structures in Europe and shape European colonial expansion? Religious transformation provided a source of power for many rulers and shaped European colonial expansion. … Transferring emergency powers of war time into permanent structures of government.

How did the Protestant Reformation shape the way Spain settled the New World?

Colonial Religion | European Reformation. The Protestant Reformation in Europe indirectly spurred the early settlement of Colonial America. The Reformation created geopolitical, social, and religious forces that pushed English explorers, colonists, and migrants toward North America.

How did the Protestant Reformation impact settlement in the Americas quizlet?

How did the Protestant Reformation impact settlement in the Americas? Political conflicts rooted in religious tensions pushed many people to leave Europe. … As a result, many Europeans chose to or were forced to leave Europe for America.

How was Spain affected by the Reformation?

Protestantism has had a very minor impact on Spanish life since the Reformation of the 16th century, owing to the intolerance of the Spanish government towards any non-Catholic religion and the Spanish Inquisition. … Ninety-two percent of Spain’s 8,131 villages do not have an evangelical Protestant church.

What was the Protestant challenge to Spain?


By the early 1500s, the Protestant Reformation threatened the massive Spanish Catholic empire. As the preeminent Catholic power, Spain would not tolerate any challenge to the Holy Catholic Church.

What was the Spanish Reformation?

The Protestant Reformation was the 16th-century religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe, setting in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent in the modern era.

How did Spanish colonization affect Central America?

Colonial economy and society

Spain encouraged the mining of precious metals, but Central American deposits were thin, and agriculture came to dominate the economy of the colony. … There were also small numbers of African slaves brought during the colonial period.

What was the most significant result of the Spanish colonization of Central and South America?

What was the most significant result of the Spanish colonization of Central and South America? Spain became rich by stealing the wealth of the American colonies. … Spain brought religion and high moral values to the American colonies. Spain was transformed by the cultural richness of the New World.

What did the Spanish bring to Latin America?

3 Crops and Livestock

Crops the conquistadors brought include sugarcane, rice and wheat. When Cortes arrived in Mexico in 1519, he had 16 horses. … Other animals the Spaniards introduced included pigs, goats, sheep, chickens, cats, cattle, donkeys, bees and new dog species.

How did Spanish missionaries serve as conquerors for the Spanish Empire?

The missions created by members of Catholic orders were often located on the outermost borders of the colonies. The missions facilitated the expansion of the Spanish empire through the religious conversion of the indigenous peoples occupying those areas.

How did Spain colonize Mexico?

Spain wanted the material aid and mineral wealth from the colony, and felt obligated to spread Christianity to the natives. … Spanish conquerors, led by Hernan Cortes, allied with Tlaxcalan tribes conquered the Aztecs. Therefore, Spaniards won, and since that day, Mexico became a colony of Spain.

Why were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs quizlet?

Why were the Spanish able to defeat the great Aztec Empire despite their inferior numbers? It was because the Aztecs thought that they were gods so they would not harm them, the disease of smallpox was killing them, and they had better weapons like guns and steel swords.

Was the Spanish conquest justified?

The colonization of the New World by European adventurers was “justified” at the time on spiritual and religious grounds. In the conquest of the Americas, the Christian duty to evangelize nonbelievers took the form of conversion of Indians and other pagans at the hands of Roman Catholic priests.

In what ways did the Spanish form of colonization shape North American history?

The Spanish form of colonization altered North America politically and demographically. The Spanish forced Native Americans to convert to Catholicism and work on their missions or in gold and silver mines. Millions of Native Americans died to Spanish violence or Spanish diseases.

What was the main goal of the Spanish missionaries?

The main goal of the California missions was to convert Native Americans into devoted Christians and Spanish citizens. Spain used mission work to influence the natives with cultural and religious instruction.

What was Spain’s motivation for exploration?

Motives for Exploration – Wealth and Religion

The Spanish explorers were in search of mineral wealth, looking for El Dorado (the City of Gold) and they aspired to spread Christianity. France also wanted to spread Christianity and find a new route by water to the East through North America.

What were the effects of European exploration on Europe and the Americas?

Basic Effects

Europeans gained new materials like gold, silver, and jewels. The Europeans enslaved the Native Americans and took most of them back to Europe. The explorers also gained new foods like corn and pineapple. Columbus also discovered tobacco seeds and brought the seeds back to Europe.

How did European exploration impact the new world?

HOW DID EXPLORATION AFFECT THE WORLD? European countries brought many lands under their control. The world was opened up and new crops were introduced from one land to another. … In the NEW WORLD, many native peoples died because they had no resistance to the European diseases that explorers and crews brought with them.

What was the impact of Spain’s settlement in the Americas?

The impact of Spain’s settlement in the Americas was to convert all American Native Indians to Catholic.

What was the impact of Iberian conquest and settlement on the peoples and ecologies of the Americas?

what was the impact of Iberian conquest and settlement on the peoples and ecologies of the Americas? violence, forced labor, and disease wrought devastating losses, while surviving peoples encountered new political, social, and economic organizations imposed by Europeans.

Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs | 3 Minute History

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