how did european countries use their pacific island colonies?


How Did European Countries Use Their Pacific Island Colonies??

European nations used their Pacific Island colonies in various ways. Some islands were essentially plantations and were dedicated entirely to agricultural production on a large scale. … Still other islands served as military bases, nuclear test sites, or trust territories.

Did Europe colonize Pacific islands?

Since the first contact with Westerners, starting with the Portuguese and Spanish explorers, the islands have been colonized by various European and Asian countries. … Germany was the official colonizer for one year before Spain formally occupied Pohnpei in 1866.

Why did Great Britain choose colonize the Pacific region?

Britain was mainly concerned with the activity of its nationals, and it accepted control of Fiji in 1874 primarily because native authority had broken down.

Why did Europeans colonize Oceania?

European colonization was fueled by a desire to defend nationalist pride, increase trade opportunities, and spread the Christian faith. England, France, Germany, and Spain became the most important colonial powers in the region.

What countries colonized the Pacific islands?

From the mid-nineteenth century onward, the Pacific islands came under the rule of Britain, France, Germany, Japan, and the United States.

What were the 5 main European countries that explored in the Pacific?

In the 17th and 18th centuries, other European powers sent expeditions to the Pacific, namely the Dutch Republic, England, France, and Russia.

Why did Europeans set up outpost in Samoa?

Papeete in Tahiti, Apia in Samoa, and Levuka in Fiji became centres for Europeans, including respectable traders as well as lawless people who might be escaped convicts from New South Wales (Australia) or others seeking to free themselves from the rules of European societies.

Why did the Europeans colonize America?

Colonial America (1492-1763) European nations came to the Americas to increase their wealth and broaden their influence over world affairs. … Many of the people who settled in the New World came to escape religious persecution. The Pilgrims, founders of Plymouth, Massachusetts, arrived in 1620.

What caused European countries to establish colonies?

One reason why European countries wanted colonies was to have markets for their products. They wanted to export their finished products to other countries and to import raw materials, such as rubber from the Congo, to make these products.

What Pacific islands did Britain colonize?

Britain’s Western Pacific Territories included Fiji (1877-1970); Tonga (1900-1952); British Solomon Islands (1893-1971); and more.

Did Europeans colonize Oceania?

European exploration and settlement of Oceania began in the 16th century, starting with Portuguese settling the Moluccas and Spanish (Castilian) landings and shipwrecks in the Marianas Islands, east of the Philippines, followed by the Portuguese landing and settling temporarily (due to the monsoons) in the Tanimbar or …

What is Colonisation of tropical Pacific islands?

The colonisation of tropical Pacific Islands by humans is said to have led to the extinction of more than. The colonisation of tropical pacific Island by humans is said to have led to the extinction of more than 2,000 species of native birds.

When did Europeans colonize Polynesia?

The first European to visit Polynesia was the Spaniard Alvaro de Mendana (1541-1595), who reached Tuvalu in 1568. Dutch explorers followed in the 1600s, with the English and French beginning their own expeditions in the 1700s.

Which European power colonized most of the Pacific region?

European exploration of the Pacific began with the Spanish and the Portuguese. By the late 1500s, the Spanish had colonized the Philippines and had discovered several of the Caroline Islands in Micronesia, as well as the Solomon Islands in Melanesia and the Marquesas Islands in Polynesia.

How did imperialism spread to the islands of the Pacific?

In the 1800s, the industrialized powers began to take an interest in the islands of the Pacific. The thousands of islands splashed across the Pacific include the three regions of Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. Missionaries often paved the way for imperialists.

How was Polynesia colonized?

French Polynesia was a territory of France from 1946 until 2003, when it became an Overseas Collectivity of France. Pitcairn was a British colony until 2002, when it was converted into a British Overseas Territory. Tokelau was a British colony until 1926, when it became a territory New Zealand.

How did explorers find islands?

There are other ways to detect when an island is close: The easiest and best-known is by watching for birds. Birds need to nest on solid ground, but they might range out far over the sea in search of fish to eat. So if from the deck of your ship you see a flock of birds in the air, you know there’s an island nearby.

Who explored the Pacific Islands?

navigator Ferdinand Magellan
After sailing through the dangerous straits below South America that now bear his name, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan enters the Pacific Ocean with three ships, becoming the first European explorer to reach the Pacific from the Atlantic.

What was the main purpose of the colonies?

Colonies were a way for the mother country to engage in the practice of mercantilism, or increasing their power by creating a source for exports and raw materials. While Great Britain was not the only world power to engage in the practice, they were one of the most successful.

When did Europeans come to the Pacific?

The 16th and 17th centuries

Vasco Núñez de Balboa was the first European to sight the Pacific, in 1513; seven years later Ferdinand Magellan rounded South America and sailed across the ocean, missing the main island groups but probably encountering Pukapuka Atoll, in the Tuamotu Archipelago, and Guam.

What European country colonized Samoa?

Independent State of Samoa Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa (Samoan)
• Colonisation by Germany1 March 1900
• Occupied by New Zealand30 August 1914
• League mandate17 December 1920
• UN trusteeship13 December 1946

When did Europeans go to Samoa?

European explorers first reached the Samoan islands in the early 18th century. In 1768, Louis-Antoine de Bougainville named them the Navigator Islands. The United States Exploring Expedition (1838–42), led by Charles Wilkes, reached Samoa in 1839.

What European countries colonized the Americas?

Britain, France, Spain, and the Netherlands established colonies in North America. Each country had different motivations for colonization and expectations about the potential benefits.

How did European powers acquire colonies in the Americas and how were the governed?

How did Europeans acquire colonies in the Americas, and how were they governed? In the most simplified sense, the Europeans acquired most colonies through means of force and violence. Taking the Spanish conquistadors for example, they overtook the Inca and Aztec Empires though force, massacring.

What are 3 reasons colonists came to America?

They came to the Americas to escape poverty, warfare, political turmoil, famine and disease. They believed colonial life offered new opportunities.

What are three reason why European countries needed or wanted colonies?

Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.

What is the primary reason European countries explored the New World and founded colonies?

(One of the reasons European nations explored and colonized the Americas was to expand their empires. As settlers came to America, Europe usually sent soldiers and government officials to take control of claimed lands.) the growth of capitalism as an economic system.

Why did European countries seek to establish settlements in the New World?

European Nations established colonies in North America because they wanted to expand their horizons. For the gold, glory, and to spread their religion. And they wanted to have more land than other countries. Since it was discovered, they wanted to put their land to good use.

Who colonized the South Pacific?

In 1668 the Spanish formally incorporated the islands to the Spanish East Indies and founded a colony on Guam as a resting place for the west-bound Manila galleons. The territory was ceded by Spain more than two centuries later, when in 1898 the United States took over the islands following the Spanish–American War.

How do you colonize a country?

How to Colonize a Country
  1. 3: Establish a form of government and dominance.
  2. What was Brazil like prior to colonization?
  3. 4: Force the natives to work for you.
  4. 2: Establish positive relationships and trust.
  5. Five Steps to Colonizing a Country.
  6. 5: Impose your own culture.
  7. 1: Divide the land and acquire sought resources.

How did colonialism impact the culture of Oceania?

Colonizers implemented their own systems of governance, land management, and trade. These efforts had severe consequences that continue to affect indigenous groups and their cultural systems today. Foreign forces also transformed Australia and Oceania’s political landscape during World War II and the Cold War.

How are islands colonized by species?

When islands emerge, they undergo the process of ecological succession as species colonize the island (see theory of island biogeography). New species cannot immigrate via land, and instead must arrive via air, water, or wind. … Of the species that arrive, only some will be able to survive and establish populations.

What were the first Pacific islands to be settled?

The first staging posts are Tonga and Samoa. The earliest surviving trace of human occupation in these islands is about 420 BC in Tonga and 200 BC in Samoa.

Who were the main European powers that conquered Oceania?

  • Overseas, major: British.
  • Dutch.
  • French.
  • German.
  • Italian.
  • Portuguese.
  • Spanish.

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