how are mitochondria and chloroplasts different


How Are Mitochondria And Chloroplasts Different?

The main difference between chloroplast and mitochondria is their functions; chloroplasts are responsible for the production of sugars with the aid of sunlight in a process called photosynthesis whereas mitochondria are the powerhouses of the cell which break down sugar in order to capture energy in a process called …Mar 6, 2017

What are the differences between chloroplast and mitochondria?

Mitochondria and chloroplast are organelles found in a plant cell.

Mitochondria vs Chloroplast.
Energy is released by breaking down organic food producing carbon dioxide and waterStores energy and uses carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose

What is the difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts quizlet?

In mitochondria, ATP is produced as a result of oxidation and foodstuffs, and is used as an energy source for metabolic processes. In chloroplasts, ATP is produced as a result of harvesting energy from light. In chloroplasts, the ATP is used in the fixation of CO2 into sugars.

What are the similarities and differences between mitochondria and chloroplast?

Both the chloroplast and the mitochondrion are organelles found in the cells of plants, but only mitochondria are found in animal cells. The function of chloroplasts and mitochondria is to generate energy for the cells in which they live. The structure of both organelle types includes an inner and an outer membrane.

Which one is not common in between mitochondria and chloroplasts?

Complete solution: The above option which is not common in chloroplasts and mitochondria is that both are present in animal cells.As everyone knows that chloroplast helps in photosynthesis, and photosynthesis always takes place in the plant cells only.

What is the difference between mitochondria and mitochondria?

The only difference between mitochondria and mitochondrion is that mitochondrion is singular, and mitochondria is the plural form of the word.

What is the difference between Chromoplast and chloroplast?

The main difference between chloroplast and chromoplast is that chloroplast is the green color pigment in plants whereas chromoplast is a colorful pigment whose color can be yellow to red. … Chloroplasts are responsible for undergoing photosynthesis while chromoplasts synthesize and store pigments.

How are the functions of chloroplasts and mitochondria similar quizlet?

Terms in this set (9) describe two common characteristics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. … Both organelles are involved in energy transformation, mitochondria in cellular respiration and chloroplasts in photosynthesis. They both have multiple membranes that separate their interiors into compartments.

How do the mitochondria and chloroplasts work together?

-Chloroplasts convert the sunlight (absorbed by the chlorophyll) into food, and then mitochondria make/produce energy out of the food in the form of ATP.

How are mitochondria similar to chloroplasts both have many layers of membranes?

Both have many layers of membranes. Both contain molecules of chlorophyll. Both are found in the cells of consumers. Both are needed for cells to store energy.

How do mitochondria and chloroplasts differ in providing energy for the cell?

Chloroplast has two chambers, thylakoid, and stroma. Mitochondria consume oxygen to provide energy to the cells. They release energy by breaking down organic material and produce carbon dioxide and water. Chloroplasts release oxygen.

What are two common characteristics of mitochondria and chloroplasts?

They both have multiple membranes that separate their interiors into compartments. In both organelles, the innermost membranes – cristae, or infoldings of the inner membrane,… Both organelles are involved in energy transformation, mitochondria in cellular respiration & chloroplasts in photosynthesis.

How are mitochondria and chloroplasts similar to prokaryotic cells?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts are the same size as prokaryotic cells and divide by binary fission. Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA which is circular, not linear. Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own ribosomes which have 30S and 50S subunits, not 40S and 60S.

What are three similarities between chloroplasts and mitochondria?

Similarities between mitochondria and chloroplast:
  • Mitochondria and chloroplast both are bounded by double membrane envelope.
  • Both mitochondria and chloroplast are semi autonomous organelles.
  • Mitochondria and chloroplast both have their own genome (DNA)i.e genetic material.

What is common in mitochondria and chloroplasts?

Chloroplasts (members of the plastid family) and mitochondria are central to the energy cycles of ecosystems and the biosphere. They both contain DNA, organized into nucleoids, coding for critical genes for photosynthetic and respiratory energy production.

Why should plants require both chloroplasts and mitochondria can they live without either one?

Plant cells need both chloroplasts and mitochondria because they perform both photosynthesis and cell respiration. Chloroplast converts light (solar) energy into chemical energy during photosynthesis, while mitochondria, the powerhouse of the cell produces ATP- the energy currency of the cell during respiration.

What is the difference between mitochondrial DNA and chloroplast DNA?

The key difference between mitochondrial DNA and chloroplast DNA is that mitochondrial DNA is present inside the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells while chloroplast DNA is present inside the chloroplasts of plant cells. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are two important membrane-bound organelles in eukaryotic cells.

Is mitochondria and chloroplast are semi autonomous organelles?

Mitochondria and chloroplast are semiautonomous organelles. … They are formed by division of preexisting organelles as well as contain DNA but lack protein-synthesizing machinery.

What is the function of the chloroplasts?

Chloroplasts are plant cell organelles that convert light energy into relatively stable chemical energy via the photosynthetic process. By doing so, they sustain life on Earth.

What are the differences between chloroplasts Chromoplasts and Amyloplasts?

Chromoplast: Contains carotene and xanthophylls. They impart a specific colour to flowers and fruits and help in pollination and dispersal of seeds. Leucoplast: They are colourless and store various food products, e.g. amyloplasts- store starch, proteinoplasts or aleuroplasts- store proteins, elaioplasts- store fat.

Which are bigger chloroplasts or mitochondria?

Chloroplasts, the organelles responsible for photosynthesis, are in many respects similar to mitochondria. … However, chloroplasts are larger and more complex than mitochondria, and they perform several critical tasks in addition to the generation of ATP.

What is the differences between plant cell and animal cell?

Plant cells have a cell wall, but animals cells do not. Cell walls provide support and give shape to plants. Plant cells have chloroplasts, but animal cells do not. Chloroplasts enable plants to perform photosynthesis to make food.

Why do mitochondria and chloroplasts have two membranes?

What Is the Function of Chloroplast Membranes? Like mitochondria, chloroplasts are surrounded by two membranes. The outer membrane is permeable to small organic molecules, whereas the inner membrane is less permeable and studded with transport proteins.

What are two other organelles besides the mitochondria that contain DNA and have a double membrane?

Name two other organelles besides the mitochondria that contain DNA and have a double membrane. Two other organelles that contain DNA and have a double membrane are chlorplasts and the nucleus.

What is the difference between plastid and chloroplast?

is that plastid is (biology) any of various organelles found in the cells of plants and algae, often concerned with photosynthesis while chloroplast is (cytology) an organelle found in the cells of green plants, and in photosynthetic algae, where photosynthesis takes place.

Why mitochondria and chloroplasts are not considered in the Endomembrane system?

Mitochondria, chloroplast and peroxisomes are not the part of endomembrane system because their function are not coordinated with the same.

Why mitochondria and chloroplasts are similar to a bacterial cell?

Chloroplasts and mitochondria have their own ribosomes that are similar to those of bacteria and unlike those of the rest of the cell. For this reason, they are sensitive to antibiotics that kill bacteria by binding to and inactivating bacterial ribosomes.

What do cells gain from having mitochondria What about chloroplasts?

Mitochondria are the working organelles that keep the cell full of energy. In a plant cell, chloroplast makes sugar during the process of photosynthesis converting light energy into chemical energy stored in glucose.

What about mitochondria and chloroplasts give us hints to understand what they may have been before they were organelles?

The mitochondrion and the chloroplast are both organelles that were once free-living cells. They were prokaryotes that ended up inside of other cells (host cells). … This happened a long time ago, and over time the organelle and the host cell have evolved together. Now one could not exist without the other.

Why chloroplast and mitochondria are hypothesized as being separate entities in the evolution of eukaryotic?

The evidence suggests that these chloroplast organelles were also once free-living bacteria. The endosymbiotic event that generated mitochondria must have happened early in the history of eukaryotes, because all eukaryotes have them. … Since then, these organelles have become completely dependent on their host cells.

How do mitochondria and chloroplast work together in plants to sustain life which organelle would a plant have more of why?

How do the chloroplast and mitochondria work together to keep plant cells alive? Chloroplasts convert sunlight into food during photosynthesis, then mitochondria makes energy out of the food in the form of ATP.

How are chloroplasts and mitochondria related in plant cells?

Chloroplasts are present in photosynthetic plants and is responsible for making the food of the plant. … On the other hand, mitochondria also known as the power house of the cell, uses this oxygen in order to create ATP which is used for various purposes like active transport, releasing minerals and many more in plants.

Can life exist without chloroplasts?

Without chloroplasts, plants would not be able to get their energy from the sun and would cease to survive, leaving us without food. On the other hand, without mitochondria, animals would be lacking in cellular energy and would also fail to survive.

What is the function of DNA in mitochondria and chloroplast?

MTDNA is the DNA located in mitochondria, cellular organelles within eukaryotic cells that convert chemical energy from food into a form that cells can use, adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

Mitochondria and chloroplasts

Mitochondria VS Chloroplast | Differences and Similarities

Endosymbiotic Theory

Mitochondria, Chloroplasts, and the Endosymbiotic Theory

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